Steering

16 guides & 197 illustrations

Checking power-assisted steering

Power-assisted steering box Power assistance is fed to the steering box in this system , which o...

Adjusting toe alignment on wheels

Camber check Prepare the car in the same way as for the toe-in check. The ideal measuring tool f...

Replacing steering-rack gaiters

Removing a gaiter Loosen clip or untwist or cut off wire clips, and throw them away. Replace wit...

Checking steering-rack security

Clamps or brackets secure the steering rack to the front cross member or bulkhead. Most modern c...

Replacing other types of track rod

VW Golf, Scirocco and Audi 50 Disconnect the outer ball joint from the steering arm. Loosen the ...

Refitting track rods and ball joints

Check that any parts you are not going to replace are undamaged before ordering replacements. Re...

Setting the tracking

How to lubricate the steering system

Draining a rack Unfasten the inner end of the lower gaiter and pull it clear of the rack drain....

Checking rack and pinion steering

Points to inspect when checking a steering-rack. There are also ball joints and gaiters on the o...

Adjusting and replacing a power-steering drive belt

The belt that drives a power-steering hydraulic-fluid pump is usually at the front of the engine,...

Checking steering-box mountings

Places where vital components are mounted on the bodywork or chassis should be inspected at least...

Lubricating steering swivel joints

A MacPherson-strut suspension system with a steering box In this steering-box system, the extra ...

Checking steering swivel pins

MacPherson strut and front-wheel drive. Only the lower swivel joint can be checked for play. Wit...

Checking steering joints for wear

Steering-column joints. There are often one or two universal joints in the steering-column shaft...

Checking the steering box

A typical steering-box layout Check the gasket and seals for leaks, and the moving parts for wea...

Replacing track-rod-end ball joints

This type of steering gear usually has just one replaceable ball joint at the outer end of each ...

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