×

Cleaning and replacing a control box

A typical control box- paul-ryan.info Before you remove theleads from the box, fitmasking tape to each oneand mark it with theidentification letter of theterminal to which itbelongs.

A typical control box

Generally the dynamo control box is mounted on the front wing not far from the dynamo. But it may actually be on the dynamo or on the bulkhead, or even at the back of the dashboard. Many control boxes have resistors mounted on the baseplate.

On cars with dynamos, faults in the control box show up in various ways, some of which are described in Testing a dynamo and checking output.

Others may be revealed by the ignition warning lamp. If the lamp does not go out as the engine speed rises, the cutout points are not closing.

If the lamp glows dimly at low speeds and brightens as speed increases, the fault is probably dirty, oxidised or burned cutout points.

If the lamp goes out at an abnormally high (or low) speed, it may be a sign of the same trouble in the voltage regulator points, or that either set of points is wrongly adjusted.

The points are tricky to deal with, and the job should be entrusted to an auto-electrician.

Control-box underside- paul-ryan.info Resistors Base plate

Control-box underside

The back of a typical control box, showing three resistors.

Before you do that, check that the underside of the control box is not wet or dirty, which can sometimes produce the same symptoms.

Many control boxes have resistors under the baseplate which, if short-circuited by dirty water, can allow overcharging.

Clean the baseplate and terminals once a year, particularly if the control box is mounted in a place exposed to damp and dirt. Also check that the lid fits tightly.

Removing the box for cleaning and fitting a replacement box are similar jobs, so follow the appropriate parts of the instructions.

Do not buy a new control box until you have made sure that it is not the dynamo or the wiring which has caused the trouble; even then do not fit it until you have rectified any faults that could damage it.

Be sure that the replacement is identical, or the approved successor, to the original. Boxes with different specifications may look alike, so check the model number.

replacing a control box

- paul-ryan.info

The control box is usually held by two or three screws - remove them.

Disconnect the battery before starting work. Mark the control box leads with the letters of the terminals where they fit, then pull them off or unscrew them. See that the connectors are sound and clean.

The box is usually fixed by two or three screws, which may pass though a rubber mounting; ot there may be some kind of other backing.

Remove the screws and lift off the box. Take care not to damage the frail resistors mounted on its underside.

The backing acts as an insulator and seal; make sure its keeping out water and dirt, clean the area under the box and the box itself unless you are renewing it.

Refit the box, making sure it fits snugly against its backing and that the lid fits tightly. Reconnect the leads, then the battery. Start the engine and test the box.

Cleaning the control box

- paul-ryan.info

Clean the control-box terminals with a clean, dry cloth, or one moistened with methylated spirit.

Wipe the underside of the box carefully; the resistors are easily damaged. Use a clean, dry cloth, or one moistened with parafin if necessary, to remove dirt.

Keep paraffin away from rubber parts. Also clean the terminals using a soft rag and methylated spirit. Allow the back of the box to dry before re-fitting.

Clean the control box terminals with a clean, dry cloth, or one moistened with methylated spirit.

We also have this article in

The ultimate video course

We take this car to pieces and then build it again, explaining how every single part works.

By the time you finish watching this, you'll understand everything inside a car.

Watch us take a Mazda MX5 Miata to pieces, and then build it back together again into a modern working car.

  • 3+ hours of HD video available now. Production complete by July 2018.
  • Every part explained in detail.
  • We've created the most detailed 3D model ever produced so we can show you everything working.
  • Over 20 hours of footage — see the contents.
  • Buy now and get our 150 page PDF for free.

This is the most in-depth course on car mechanics ever produced. Buy now and save 75%.

Buy today for $20
Normal price $80.

Read more essential guides

How to fix a dynamo

Wear on the carbon brushes and commutator is the most common cause of dynamo failure. Normally t...

Air filter change

A choked filter in an air cleaner causes increased fuel consumption and, eventually, extra engin...

Cleaning the outside and checking for rust

To remove the film of grime which forms on the bodywork use plenty of clean water. Do not wipe...

Lubricating hinges, pedals and locks

At regular service intervals clean and lubricate hinges on moving panels and foot-pedal pivot poi...

Testing a dynamo and checking output

The dynamo is a robust and simple type of generator which was fitted to many earlier cars. Most ...

купить диплом в Москве

посмотреть

Велосипеды Ardis